Explained: The Differences Between 4G, 5G, and 6G Networks

Last month, PM Modi inaugurated the country’s first 5G trial to enable startups and industry players to test their products locally and reduce dependence on foreign facilities. representative image

All the mobile users using the network of telecom providers available in the country are familiar with it. 4G network connection. Airtel It was the first company to launch 4G services using TD-LTE technology in India in 2012. It’s been 10 years and now it’s time to move on. 5G network Which offers faster speed and capability as well as can connect to more than 4G devices. last month, PM Narendra Modi Inaugurated the country’s first 5G test bed to enable startups and industry players to test their products locally and reduce dependence on foreign facilities. Testbed was set up at a cost of around Rs 220 crore and is expected to enable a supportive ecosystem for Indian industry and startups. In addition to 5G, the next generation network connection, 6G is also under development and its services are expected to be rolled out by the end of 2030.
What is 4G network technology
4G is the short form of 4th generation wireless connectivity which has replaced 3G (3rd generation wireless) connectivity. Bandwidth speed and network capacity increase with each generation of wireless cellular technology. For example. 3G has 14. offered peak speeds of mbps Whereas 4G gave speed up to 100 Mbps. 4G download speeds allowed users to stream high-definition video and audio. In addition, this network technology also enabled wireless broadband which allowed users to have Internet connectivity without the need for a fixed, wired connection from an Internet service provider.isp) A 4G connection uses an antenna to transmit radio frequencies that enable mobile devices to connect to mobile networks.
How is 5G different from 4G?
5G is the fifth generation of cellular network which is 100 times faster than 4G and is expected to create opportunities for people and businesses. 5G network technology adds more capacity (space) which provides more space for all devices to receive higher data speeds. The increase in network capacity is significant as data traffic continues to grow at a rate of about 60 percent per year.
The 4G network also faced some issues while handling multiple devices at a single location, which users may experience during crowded sporting events or concerts. 5G solves this problem by transmitting to each device with high precision and the network is capable of handling 1 million devices per square kilometer. As the number of devices connecting to a network increases by about 25 percent per year, the ability to connect more devices becomes very important.
5G networks are designed to connect not only smartphones but also many other types of devices. As more new types of connected devices proliferate over time, each of them will require connections with different levels of performance and features than a 5G network can provide.
The inherent processing capability of a 5G connection makes it more of a network that can act as a distributed data center that performs processing tasks. The network is capable of handling intensive processing tasks such as — AR-filters or games that are usually performed by the phone which affects the performance and battery of the devices. The 5G network will also help develop new types of battery-powered devices, such as lightweight AR glasses and a coordinated fleet of connected delivery drones.
5G networks can function as multiple separate networks at the same time using network slicing technology where the slices of the network can be designed for a specific purpose and can act as an independent network . Each piece can customize the features that are needed for a specific service without wasting resources on what is needed.
How 6G is different from 5G
6G technology is even more advanced than 5G technology which delivers 1Tbps or 8,000 . claims to speed up Gbps, For example, users can download 142 hours of high-quality video from Netflix every second. 6G network, This network uses a different spectrum than 5G which allows it to have multiple use cases for different industrial sectors to increase its efficiency.
6G is expected to be 100 times faster than 5G and is likely to offer enhanced reliability and wider network coverage. Additionally, 6G could connect ten times more devices per square kilometer as the number of connected devices grows in the coming years.
In addition, 4G networks offered latency of around 50 milliseconds (ms), while 5G networks had ten times lower latency than 4G – 5ms. In the case of 6G, latency is expected to be reduced to a range between 1 millisecond to 1 microsecond which would allow huge data transmission in less than a second.
This upcoming network technology is expected to address the shortcomings of existing networks, improve network design and optimize networks. Advanced AI systems and powerful edge computing will use 6G to coordinate with complex systems and develop seamless Internet connectivity. Tech giants like Google, Apple and Samsung are working on developing this technology that will replace 5G networks.

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